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Humshehri: Thinking Pakistan's History

Thinking Pakistan's History

Sindh Economy

Urdu Version

Sindh contributes significantly to Pakistan’s economy and contains the largest deposit of coal reserves in Pakistan.

Last Updated: 13 Sep. 2013


Sindh contributes around 33% to the national GDP. Its largest city, Karachi, contains one of the largest seaport in Pakistan and is the financial capital of the country.


sindh economy
Cotton plant

Sindh’s agriculture economy contributes approximately 23% to Pakistan’s GDP. Cotton, rice, mangoes, and sugarcane are grown here. Additionally, around 48% of the fish exported comes from Sindh, and a substantial percent of the national livestock is found in Sindh, thus allowing it to develop a strong base for dairy and meat processing industry.

Industry and services

Sindh has a number of natural resources. It contains considerable quantities of minerals and currently there are 24 different minerals being mined. 60% of the Pakistan’s oil fields and 44% of the gas fields are located in this province. In addition, Sindh contains the largest coal reserves of Pakistan. Approximately 185.5 billion tons of coal reserves are present as a potential source of energy.

The ever expanding urban centers require the construction of low-cost housing. An annual demand of 500,000 units over the next 20 years has contributed to a boom in the construction and housing sector. Accommodating the population growth has led to a diverse and expanding services sector in IT, banking, health services and telecommunications.

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Books & Articles

“Sindh – The Land of Endless Opportunities.” Sindh Board of Investment. Government of Sindh.

“Sindh Economy.” Sindh Board of Investment. Government of Sindh.


Sindh Board of Investment, Finance Department, Government of Sindh