The second largest province in Pakistan, Punjab means Land of Five Rivers.
Last Updated: 18 Nov. 2013
Punjab is the second largest province in Pakistan, covering an area of 205, 344 square km. It is bordered by Kashmir to the northeast and the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east. The province of Sindh borders it to the south while Balochistan lies to its south west. It is bounded on the north and north-west by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It is estimated that the population of Punjab is approximately 95 million as of December 2011.
Punjab is defined in huge part by its topography. The name Punjab is derived from two Persian words punj and aab that combine to mean Land of Five Rivers referring to the five tributaries of Indus: Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej.
A variety of languages and dialects flourish in Punjab. The languages spoken in Punjab include Punjabi, Seraiki, Potohari, Hindko, and Urdu. Other languages spoken in various regions of Punjab include Balochi, Dari, English, Gujarati, Marwari, Od, and Pushto.
Punjab province has 9 divisions as follows:
Lahore Division has 4 districts: Lahore, Kasur, Sheikhupura, and Nankana Sahib.
Gujranwala Division has 6 districts: Gujranwala, Gujrat, Hafizabad, Mandi Bahauddin, Narowal, and Sialkot.
Faisalabad Division has 4 districts: Faisalabad, Jhang, Toba Tek Singh, and Chiniot.
Sargodha Division has 4 districts: Bhakkar, Khushab, Mianwali, and Sargodha.
Rawalpindi Division has 4 districts: Attock, Chakwal, Jhelum, and Rawalpindi.
Multan Division has 4 districts: Khanewal, Lodhran, Multan, and Vehari.
Dera Ghazi Khan Division has 4 districts: Dera Ghazi Khan, Layyah, Muzaffargarh, and Rajanpur.
Bahawalpur Division has 3 districts: Bahawalnagar, Bahawalpur, and Rahim Yar Khan.
Sahiwal Division has 3 districts: Sahiwal, Okara, and Pakpattan.
Major cities of the Punjab include Lahore, Gujranwala, Rawalpindi, Gujrat, Faisalabad, Multan, Kasur, and Sahiwal.
Nadiem, Ihsan H. Punjab: Land, History, People. Lahore: Al-Faisal Nashran, 2005.