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Humshehri: Thinking Pakistan's History

Thinking Pakistan's History

Mirza Kalich Beg

Urdu Version

A renowned Sindhi scholar, Mirza Kalich Beg wrote and translated over 400 books in eight different languages.

Last Updated: 28 Aug. 2014


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Mirza Kalich Beg

Mirza Kalich Beg was a renowned scholar of Sindhi literature and a prolific writer. His father, Mirza Faridoon Beg, who originally was from Georgia had been captured and sold as a slave in Iraq to Mirza Khusro Beg of Sindh. Khusro Beg brought Faridoon to Sindh, freed him and educated him. Eventually Faridoon married the daughter of Khusro Beg. After the downfall of Talpur Mirs at the hands of the British, Faridoon moved to a house on the outskirts of Hyderabad where Mirza Kalich Beg was born in 1853.

Kalich Beg was educated at a maktab and later attended the Government High School in Hyderabad. Afterwards he was admitted into the Elphinstone College in Bombay. After returning to Sindh, he passed the judicial examination and was appointed as Mukhtiarkar, or Revenue Officer, at Shikarpur. At the end of his 30 year service to the British, he retired from his post as Deputy Collector in 1910 and passed way in 1929. Even today he occupies an eminent place in the history of Sindhi literature.

Contribution to literature

Kalich Beg wrote and translated 457 books in eight languages: Arabic, Balochi, English, Persian, Sindhi, Siraiki, Turkish and Urdu. He wrote the first original novel in Sindhi called Zeenat, and one of the first Sindhi dramas Khurshid. Mirza Kalich Beg’s biography of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and other books on his poetry and life are considered some of the greatest contributions to Sindhi literature and the beginning of literary criticism in Sindhi language. He was the first to translate the Chachnama from Persian to English and he also translated a number of Shakespeare’s plays into Sindhi.

Find out more

Books and Articles

Bohra, Qmmaruddin. City of Hyderabad, Sindh: 712-1947. Karachi: Royal Book, 2000.

“Mirza Kalich Beg.” Sindhi Poets.


Mirza, Kazalbash H. “Mirza Kalich Beg: Some Clarifications.” Dawn. 25 Oct. 2010.