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Humshehri: Thinking Pakistan's History

Thinking Pakistan's History

Allahabad Address

Urdu Version

Allama Iqbal proposed a separate homeland for the Muslims of India in his famous address at Allahabad in 1930.

Last Updated: 16 Nov. 2013


Philosopher, poet and political thinker, Allama Muhammad Iqbal posited a vision of homeland for the Muslims of North India in his presidential address to the All India Muslim League at Allahabad on 29 December 1930.


“I would like to see the Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Sindh and Baluchistan amalgamated into a single state. Self-Government within the British Empire, or without the British Empire, the formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim State appears to me to be the final destiny of the Muslims, at least of North West India.”

“I therefore demand the formation of a consolidated Muslim state in the best interests of India and Islam. For India it means security and peace resulting from an internal balance of power; for Islam an opportunity to rid itself of the stamp that Arabian Imperialism was forced to give it, to mobilize its law, its education its culture, and to bring them into closer contact with its own original spirit and with the spirit of modern times.”

Primary sources

Sir Muhammad Iqbal’s 1930 Presidential Address: Full speech available at South Asia Study Resources, Columbia University.

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Iqbal Academy Pakistan