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Humshehri: Thinking Pakistan's History

Thinking Pakistan's History

Pakistan and the United Nations

Pakistan has been a member since 1947 and is claimed to be the largest single contributor to UN’s international peacekeeping operations.


Former president at the UN
(Chris Hondros)

On 30 September 1947, just over a month after its independence, Pakistan became a member of the United Nations (UN). Since then it has been an active member of the UN participating in its conferences, specialized agencies and other relevant organizational bodies. Pakistan’s permanent mission to the UN is based in New York. Apart from this permanent mission, there is another mission based at the UN office in Geneva, Switzerland.

A Pakistani diplomat, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, served as the President of the UN General Assembly from 1962 -1964.

Peacekeeping missions

Pakistan is claimed to be one of the largest single contributor to the UN’s operations focusing aimed at international peacekeeping. In this regard, the first troop was deployed by Pakistan in 1960 for the UN’s operation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, it has been a part of 41 peacekeeping missions in 23 countries, with about 130 Pakistanis troop members having lost their lives as a result of these operations.

Conventions ratified or acceded

Pakistan has ratified or acceded several UN Conventions, which means that it is legally binding on the State to implement the relevant conventions. Some such major conventions include the following:

Membership of UN bodies

12333Security Council in session
(William Robert Shepherd)

At present, Pakistan enjoys membership of the following UN bodies:

  • Human Rights Council (2013-15)
  • Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (2013-2015)
  • UNICEF Executive Board (2013-2015)
  • UNDP/UNFPA Executive Board (2013-2015)
  • United Nations Committee on Contributions (2013-16)
  • Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (2012- 2017)
  • Commission for Social Development (2013-2017)
  • Commission on the Status of Women (2013-2017)

Security Council Resolutions

Security Council Resolutions
Resolution No. Date Agreement
Resolution No.29 12 Aug 1947 Security Council adopted the decision to admit Yemen and Pakistan to UN membership.
Resolution No.47 21 Apr 1948 Both the Security Council and Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) passed a number of resolutions on the Kashmir issue in the years following the 1947-48 war between India and Pakistan. This one declared that the dispute should be resolved democratically by holding a free and impartial plebiscite in Kashmir. Subsequent the Security Council and UNCIP resolutions have upheld the same stance.
Resolution No.622 31 Oct 1988 Taking into consideration the Geneva Accords (1988) signed by Pakistan and Afghanistan confirming the decision on the issue of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, the Security Council agreed to the measures stated in the Secretary-General’s letters that were necessary for the settlement of the situation. It agreed particularly to the measures regarding the temporary dispatch of officers to assist in the United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP).
Resolution No.647 11 Jan 1990 Security Council recalled Resolution 622 and renewed the agreement that demanded a temporary dispatch of officers, required to assist UNGOMAP for a further period of two months.
Resolution No.1172 6 June 1998 Security Council adopted a decision condemning the nuclear tests conducted by India and Pakistan in May 1998. Moreover, it demanded that both countries refrain from carrying out further nuclear tests.

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Pakistan Mission to United Nations: Pakistan at the UN