Pakistan has been a member since 1947 and is claimed to be the largest single contributor to UN’s international peacekeeping operations.
Last Updated: 17 Dec. 2014
On 30 September 1947, just over a month after its independence, Pakistan became a member of the United Nations (UN). Since then it has been an active member of the UN participating in its conferences, specialized agencies and other relevant organizational bodies. Pakistan’s permanent mission to the UN is based in New York. Apart from this permanent mission, there is another mission based at the UN office in Geneva, Switzerland.
A Pakistani diplomat, Muhammad Zafarullah Khan, served as the President of the UN General Assembly from 1962 -1964.
Pakistan is claimed to be one of the largest single contributor to the UN’s operations focusing aimed at international peacekeeping. In this regard, the first troop was deployed by Pakistan in 1960 for the UN’s operation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, it has been a part of 41 peacekeeping missions in 23 countries, with about 130 Pakistanis troop members having lost their lives as a result of these operations.
- International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
- International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
- Convention on the Rights of the Child
- Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor
- Convention concerning Forced or Compulsory Labor
- Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
- Geneva Conventions I-IV
- Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (The Hague)
At present, Pakistan enjoys membership of the following UN bodies:
- Human Rights Council (2013-15)
- Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (2013-2015)
- UNICEF Executive Board (2013-2015)
- UNDP/UNFPA Executive Board (2013-2015)
- United Nations Committee on Contributions (2013-16)
- Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (2012- 2017)
- Commission for Social Development (2013-2017)
- Commission on the Status of Women (2013-2017)
Security Council Resolutions
|Resolution No.29||12 Aug 1947||Security Council adopted the decision to admit Yemen and Pakistan to UN membership.|
|Resolution No.47||21 Apr 1948||Both the Security Council and Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP) passed a number of resolutions on the Kashmir issue in the years following the 1947-48 war between India and Pakistan. This one declared that the dispute should be resolved democratically by holding a free and impartial plebiscite in Kashmir. Subsequent the Security Council and UNCIP resolutions have upheld the same stance.|
|Resolution No.622||31 Oct 1988||Taking into consideration the Geneva Accords (1988) signed by Pakistan and Afghanistan confirming the decision on the issue of the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, the Security Council agreed to the measures stated in the Secretary-General’s letters that were necessary for the settlement of the situation. It agreed particularly to the measures regarding the temporary dispatch of officers to assist in the United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP).|
|Resolution No.647||11 Jan 1990||Security Council recalled Resolution 622 and renewed the agreement that demanded a temporary dispatch of officers, required to assist UNGOMAP for a further period of two months.|
|Resolution No.1172||6 June 1998||Security Council adopted a decision condemning the nuclear tests conducted by India and Pakistan in May 1998. Moreover, it demanded that both countries refrain from carrying out further nuclear tests.|